The right option is c. usually is caused by consuming improperly home-canned food.
Botulism is a severe food borne illness caused by the bacteria clostridium botulinum. This illness is caused by eating foods contaminated with the bacteria or its toxin. Ingestion of foods that are not canned properly at home is the major cause. Symptoms of botulism generally appear 12 to 72 hours after eating contaminated food.
The right option is c. heartburn
Heartburn is a painful burning feeling in the throat or chest. Heartburn is common and it increase in prevalence with age. As people gets older some activity that makes acid indigestion worse occur and can contribute to heartburn. For example the sphincter at the upper part of the stomach, which opens to allow food substances to enter the stomach tends to relax a bit more with age and this allows stomach acid to move slowly into the esophagus and heartburn can occur.
The right option is d. Perimenopause
Perimenopause is the transition phase between regular menstrual periods and no periods at all. It takes place over several years in advance of the menopause. Perimenopause generally starts for women in their mid-40s and it can start even earlier. Symptoms of Perimenopause include fatigue, breast tenderness, irregular periods and mood swings.