Pain and Inflammation: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

pain and inflammation causes symptoms and treatment

Have you observed some painful swelling in your body which is followed by irritation? You often get hurt, maybe you encountered an accident or so which resulted in a swelling followed by pain and maybe later an inflammation. Inflammation is actually a healing process but is painful.

What is inflammation?

Inflammation is usually referred to as a defense mechanism of the body, that is, it is a sign of body healing itself. Whenever the body discovers damaged cells or pathogens, it tries to remove it and it actually indicates that the healing process has started.

Although inflammation is a body’s immune response, the symptoms of inflammation are actually painful. It can be beneficial as well like, in cases, your knee is blown and tissues need care and protection. But if this inflammation lasts for longer then it could be harmful as well.

Types of Inflammation

Majorly inflammation is categorized into two sub-categories:

1. Acute Inflammation

The word ‘acute’ itself refers to severe and thus hereby we can get the insight of the terminology- acute inflammation.

It is, therefore, the initial response of the body that starts rapidly and gets severe in a very short span of time. This initial response or stimulus results in the rapid discharge of plasma and white blood cells into the tissues which were injured. The inflammation symptoms observed usually lasts for a week or two.

Causes of acute inflammation can be any disease or a condition such as:

  • A cut or a scratch
  • Cold or a cough
  • A physical trauma
  • Tonsillitis

Symptoms: If not diagnosed, acute inflammation can then be converted into chronic inflammation or such.

  • Swelling
  • Heat
  • Pain
  • Immobility
  • Redness

These are the inflammations on the skin. But if the inflammation is deep inside the skin, then it isn’t visible at times.

2. Chronic Inflammation

The word ‘chronic’ itself means a disease pertaining to a long time and this exactly gives you the insight of chronic inflammation. It is the condition for a prolonged period of time.

The symptoms of chronic inflammation last for even months. They can be due to any disease or a condition such as:

  • Virus attacks
  • Foreign body in the system
  • Improper diet

Symptoms of chronic inflammation are different from that of acute. They are:

  • Rashes
  • Fatigue
  • Joint pain
  • Mouth sores
  • Fever

Causes of inflammation

There can be a number of causes behind inflammation. They are basically the physical reactions in response to an infection or physical injury. It is not that inflammation is necessarily an infection but an infection definitely causes an inflammation. The major causes of inflammation are:

1. Excessive weight

Excess weight can be one of the causes of inflammation. Fatty tissues create inflammation cytokines. Thus, excessive weight can be a cause of your long-term inflammation.

2. Mood

Your mood is another cause of inflammation. It is connecting the response to your body’s stress and the chronic inflammation. If you have in mind that you are going to fight an inflammation even if it isn’t there then you likely to have one. Mood affects your health a lot.

3. Air pollution

It is a known fact that the cigarette smoke has toxins which induce an inflammatory response. Thus, smoke polluted air increases your chances of inflammation.

Treatment Of Inflammation

Ignoring your health for long is not right. It can even lead to severe results. Treatment is necessary to recover fast. Following are some of the treatments to recover from inflammation:

1. Heat therapy

In this treatment therapy, “heat” is used in the form of hot packs, paraffin baths, and infrared heat. It reduces pain and inflammation, helps in relieving injuries like sprain and strain.

It can even improve your joint stiffness and muscle spasms.

2. Massage

Massage reduces swelling and relieves the pain. One must consult to an expert or a licensed massage therapist only. A small improper twist in a muscle can be dangerous.

3. Cold therapy

To cure your inflammation, you can try cold therapy. It can be implemented using cold packs or ice packs. This cold therapy is used to soothe and cool down the affected area and ensure not to damage the tissues by limiting the time and extent to which ice therapy must be done. It mustn’t be done when there is low blood supply in your body.

4. Physical therapy

Physical therapy is one of the most common therapies. It not only reduces your discomfort but also makes you fit and gives you inner peace. Exercises help in your recovery of muscles and reduce inflammation. It makes your body active and healthy.But before doing any exercise you must consult a doctor who will be directing you the correct exercise which will help you in recovering.

5. CBD oil

Another effective treatment for your pain and inflammation is CBD oil. CBD oil is a cannabis plant extract. It is non-psychoactive and therefore used for medical purposes. This cannabis extract, unlike THC, doesn’t make you high. It is purely inert. It shows great results in relieving your pain and inflammation.


You must have now understood that inflammation is your body’s response in fighting against any disease but if this inflammation is lasting for months then you must look for the treatment. If you observe these symptoms of inflammation, discussed above then you must consult a doctor and go for its treatment.


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